Type 1 Diabetes or Diabetes Mellitus Type 1 takes only a few days to develop and the initial symptoms are:

  • Urine production is increased since the body tries to remove the excess glucose in the urine, diluting it with water.
  • Increased thirsty
  • Fatigue since the glucose is not converted into energy
  • Weight loss
  • Excessive appetite
  • Feeling Sick
  • Blurred Vision
  • Irritation of the genitals

If Type I Diabetes is not treated at this initial stage, the body will produce ketones that gradually build up in the blood and this condition is called diabetic ketoacidosis which causes additional symptoms.It includes:

  • stomach pain
  • sleepiness
  • rapid breathing
  • increased pulse rate
  • vomiting

diabetic ketoacidosis can lead to coma or death due to lack of treatment.So giving treatment at the right time is extremely important.

Diagnostic methods of Type I Diabetes

  • urinalysis shows ketone and glucose bodies in the urine, but a blood test is required for diagnosis
  • fasting blood glucose is 126 mg/dL or higher
  • Random (nonfasting) blood glucose exceeds 200 mg/dL (this should be confirmed with a fasting test)
  • insulin test (Low level of Insulin)
  • C-peptide test (Low level protein C-peptide which is a by-product of insulin production)

admin on August 20th 2009 in Type 1 Diabetes